Active volcanoes

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vulcani attivi
La figura rappresenta i vulcani considerati attivi. In parentesi la data dell'ultima eruzione.

Volcanoes are the most spectacular surface manifestations of the geodynamic processes acting in the Earth interior. Volcanology is the science that studies their behavior.

The knowledge of volcanoes and their mechanisms has a primary role in the comprehension of the evolution of our planet and is also fundamental for the evaluation of the related hazard.


 

Italian active volcanoes

Ten active volcanoes are present in the Italian territory, "active" in that they gave manifestations in the last 10,000 years:

Colli Albani | Campi Flegrei | Vesuvio | Ischia | Stromboli | Lipari | Vulcano | Etna | Pantelleria | Isola Ferdinandea

Etna and Stromboli only have persistent activities, that is they erupt continuously or with intervals of months or a few years. Nevertheless, all the above listed volcanoes can produce eruptions within medium-long term.

These volcanic systems are monitored via integrated multiparametric systems. The collection of data about activity status of a volcano is supplemented by the study of data that have been collected during significant eruptions.


etna icona

Ongoing eruptive activities

Reports are by INGV - Catania, INGV - Napoli - Osservatorio Vesuviano and INGV - Palermo.


Ten active volcanoes are present in the Italian territory. Etna and Stromboli only have persistent activities. Nevertheless, these volcanoes can produce eruptions within medium-long term.

These volcanic systems are monitored via integrated multiparametric systems. The collection of data about activity status of a volcano is supplemented by the study of data that have been collected during significant eruptions.

More infos: monitoring of volcanoes.


Please note. Images and videos are freely downloadable. Reproduction is authorized, provided source is fully acknowledged. If present, quote the Author followed by: © INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia; otherwise just quote © INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia.

d14 ingvpiPhotos and video galleries by INGV-Sezione di Pisa: volcanology and igneous petrology | physical-mathematical modelling of volcanic processes | geomorphology and tectonics | videos. Image: comparison between observations and numerical simulation of the eruption at Soufrière Hill Volcano, Montserrat (Clarke et al. 2002, A.B.).

 

2 10 1989 ingvctVolcanic areas, specimens and instruments: photo gallery by INGV - Sezione di Catania.
Image: Etna eruption 2.10.1989 - Lava channel with overflows

 

campo fumarolico orlo crateri ingvpaLandscapes and videos of eruptions at Etna and Stromboli, by INGV- Sezione di Palermo.
Image: Stromboli, April 2007
1original ingvacMiscellany Image: Vesuvius view

 


Volcanological researches

INGV volcanological researches cover wide themes. They span from studies of the deep structure of the Earth and magma genesis to the reconstruction of the eruptive history to the study of ascent and eruption dynamics.

At the same time, monitoring activities allow to identify perturbations and anomalies of geophysical and geochemical parameters and variations in the eruptive activity, with the aim of forecasting possible future eruptions and the evolution of eruptive phenomena.

The INGV researches have a strong multidisciplinary character, integrating field and laboratory studies on the eruption products, data acquired by observational and monitoring systems and physical-mathematical modeling and numerical simulations of processes.

Italy has a long tradition in Volcanology. Plinio il Giovane letters to Tacitus, where the young nephew of Plinio il Vecchio describes the fate of his famous uncle and the dynamics of the 79 A.D. eruption of Vesuvius, actually represent the birth of Volcanology. The Osservatorio Vesuviano, founded in 1841 and at present the section of INGV in Naples, has been the first volcanological observatory in the world; numerous Italian volcanoes such as Vesuvius, Stromboli, Phlegrean Fields and Etna, are among the most studied and monitored volcanoes in the world. Today, INGV continues this tradition.

 

Projects and agreements

Volcanological researches and volcanic monitoring are performed within the framwork of projects and agreements with Italian Department of Civil Protection, the Ministry for Research and University, the European Union, the PNRA - Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide consortium, and other bodies.

 

Publications

Publications about research activity results are stored in Earth-Prints, the Geoscience Open Archive. Earth prints  inlcude manuscripts, journal articles, theses, conference materials, book-chapters, web products, posters. Browse www.earth-prints.org by area of interest: Colli Albani | Campi Flegrei | Vesuvio | Ischia | Stromboli | Lipari | Vulcano | Etna | Pantelleria | Isola Ferdinandea.